Porur Project

House construction cost

Porur Project

✓ Customer satisfaction is our first priority

✓ High end 3D plans

✓ We never compromise in quality

✓ We provide best possible options to customer at every stage

✓ We stay on top of the construction process & ensure no delays in hand over

The perfect investment property of G+2 apartment with flats  and commercial shops for rental purpose 

House construction cost

Category:

Location:

Type of House:

Built up area:

No. of floors:

Services Provided:

Turnkey House Construction

Porur, Chennai

Residential + Commercial 

6300 sft.

Ground, 1st & 2nd floor

Project Summary

House construction cost

This is an investment project for a senior construction professional who has 40+ years of work experience in the construction industry. 

Project Challenges

House construction cost

This plot was 4 feet below road level so we had to raise the basement up to 7.5 feet high from the existing ground level. This building is also situated very close to highways hence it is subjected to frequent vibration due to movement of heavy vehicles. Due to these factors, the structural details were very heavy with heavy reinforcements

Floor plan

Building plans & designs

We take customers requirements carefully and detailly into consideration while designing the plans. For most of us building a home would be the biggest investment of lifetime. Home is a place where everyone in family would be loving in harmony. Hence designing a floor plan should not be done in haste. Each of the family member would have their own perspective of how the home should be. We take every family member’s inputs into account and design the plan accordingly. As a customer it will be hard to visualise your requirements as a floor plan, so when we design the plan for first time it might not exactly match our requirement. We understand customer perspectives, that’s why we provide multiple revisions to floor plan till you are satisfied.

ayapakkam gf
ayapakkam ff
porur elevation

Smart & green home built with modern architecture inside a gated community

2BHK house built in the first floor along with a 1BHK house built in the ground floor.

Our Projects

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built with mind

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13 Most Important Questions To Ask Before Hiring A Building Contractor

important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor
important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor

13 Most Important Questions To Ask Before Hiring A Building Contractor

Most Important Questions To Ask Before Hiring A Building Contractor

Most Important Questions To Ask Before Hiring A Building Contractor

Hiring the right contractor for your house construction can change the whole experience. In this blog, I am going to talk about the 13 most important questions you should ask before hiring a building contractor. Choosing the right contractor is really important since it will affect the quality of work, budget and timeline of the project. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The following blog will be providing information on the above mentioned topics in detail. You can also directly skip to a particular topic by clicking on it, however we recommend you to read the entire blog to know all the important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor.

Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor

Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor

1. Systematic construction process

A good professional building contractor should follow a systematic approach. He first has to take down all your requirements and design the 2d floor plan.

Once you approve the design, he then has to design the 3d interior and 3d elevation.

Designing your home gives you a clear picture of how your house is going to look and how much space you will have in each room etc. At this point, if you want to change the design you can and it won’t cost you anything additional.

But if you are constructing your house without designing and if you want to change after construction it will cost you more than you can imagine so it is really important to design the house before starting the construction process.

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Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor

Once the design is completed and approved by the customer, building contractor should do soil testing in the plot and then structural designing has to be done.

When we look at the soil of your plot we just know what type of soil it is (red soil or clay soil) but we will not know what is the soil bearing capacity and rock base(Foundation should be laid till the rock base), What type of foundation to use. If the soil is weak pile foundation has to be laid or else we can go with footing.

Soil testing must be done before hiring a building contractor

Only when you do soil testing you will get to know all these details. Next step is structural design.

You will get all these details in structural drawings:

  1. Number of beams
  2. Number of columns
  3. Foundation depth
  4. Size of the foundation
  5. Beam and column size
  6. Number of rods etc.

If a building contractor constructs a house without this step he will build your house based on assumptions and he may reduce the size of the beam or columns or no of rods or he may go for normal footing instead of pile foundation to cut the construction cost. If this is done the building won’t be structurally safe.

Choose a building contractor who follows this process is really important.

documents to be verified before buying a land

Ask the building contractor whether they have an in-house architect team or not. This is an important question to ask before hiring a building contractor. If they have an architect team it’s well and good you can tell them your requirements and get the design.

Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor-architect team

But if they don’t have an in-house architect team you have to search for an architect, design and then provide it to the building contractor to start the construction. This is a bit time-consuming. Choosing a building contractor who has an in-house architect team will save you time.

Next important question to ask a building contractor before hiring is how much they charge per sq.ft. For example, they might say Rs.1700/- per sq.ft, ask them what is included and excluded in this price.

Normally foundation, electrical, plumbing, painting, doors, windows etc. would be included in this cost and most of the building contractor charges extra for sump, septic tank and compound wall since these items will vary for each building.

Ask for detailed material specifications for the per sq.ft cost they have mentioned earlier. The material specifications they provide should include the brand of the material used, type of material used etc.

They might say that they will provide teak doors for main door and flush doors for the bedroom door. You might want to have teak doors for bedroom also. Ask the building contractor if you can customize the specifications given. If yes, ask him for the price difference.

Next question you should ask the building contractor is if you hire him who will be supervising the project and at what frequency the project will be supervised? i.e., how many times he will visit the site.

Also, ask him how do they monitor the quality of construction and how they will check if the construction is going on as per the schedule.

During construction, materials will be stored in a small hut near the construction site. These materials should be taken care of by the building contractor, if someone steals the material, building contractor should take full responsibility for this. Confirm with him about these things before you proceed any further. This way you can avoid dispute after the project starts.This is an important question to ask before hiring a building contractor.

This is one of the important questions you should ask the building contractor before the project commences. Ask the building contractor if he has taken labour insurance or not. During construction, some accident may occur and any labour may get injured if the building contractor has labour insurance, the hospital bills will be covered by the insurance people.

If not you have to either pay the full bill or you and the building contractor have to split and pay the bill. Asking about this before hiring the contractor will help you prevent from later surprises in your house construction cost.

The next important question you have to ask the building contractor is about the payment schedule for your project. How many stages of payment will be there from the project starting time till the end of the project and what percentage he will need for each stages of payment? This will really help you to plan your financial requirements at each stage of the project.

Ask the building contractor how much time it will take to complete your project. Also, ask him how much delay is expected and what are the possible reasons for the delay.

If a building contractor uses good quality material and follows good construction practices he can provide a warranty for the house construction. Ask him if he can provide a warranty for your building.

ask for house warranty before hiring a building contractor

It is really important to choose a building contractor who can provide you with a warranty. With this, you can make sure they have done the construction with the best quality.

Ask the building contractor about his experience in this construction field. Also ask him about his educational background. Make sure you visit his previous projects to get an idea about the quality of construction. You can also ask the previous customers for their feedback about the building contractor and the construction to get a clear idea.

Many quality issues arise with this material branding at the construction site. In the specifications provided by the building contractor, they would have mentioned a brand name for a specific item and if it is not available they would have mentioned equivalent. This is where the problem arises.

They may use low quality and low-cost materials. Ask them what brand comes under that equivalent and do your research. If those brands provide good quality materials it’s well and good.

After asking all these questions make sure you make a construction agreement between you and the building contractor. This should contain all the details like floor plan, material specifications, payment stages, percentage of the payment in each stage etc., Hope this helps you!!

Instead of doing all this on your own you can contact Hire&Build we will provide you with the best building contractor in the city with structural warranty(15 years) and without any extra charges!! Isn’t it great? Call us now at 72004 72008

Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor,here are some of the Important questions to ask before hiring a building contractor.

11 Guidance and tips to buy a residential plot

documents to be verified before buying a land
documents to be verified before buying a land

11 Important guidance tips to see before buying land | Don't buy a plot without reading this article

buying a land

documents to be verified before buying a land

Owning a piece of land and building a home of your likings is a dream for many of us. Buying a property is highly capital-intensive, and any mistakes made during the process can cause a great deal of trouble to the buyer. 

Buying a plot of land is a very tricky affair especially with so many people creating fake documents and other forgeries. It is very important to exercise due caution while examining the property documents.

In this article, I will talk about all the documents a buyer has to seek and check and also things you have to make sure before buying a land.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

buying a land

documents to be verified before buying a land

The following blog will be providing information on the above mentioned topics in detail. You can also directly skip to a particular topic by clicking on it, however we recommend you to read the entire blog to have a full idea about how to choose a residential plot.

1. Verification of the documents

Paperwork, paperwork, paperwork, this might sound like a nightmare but it is really important. This is a must if you want to spare yourself from the troubles later.

documents needed for house construction

 

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buying a land

documents to be verified before buying a land

You must insist on a clear title-deed from the seller. Check if the land is in the owner’s name and if he/she has the full right to sell it. Also, check if he/she is the sole owner of that piece of land. While receiving the photocopy of the deed please cross check with the original deed also.

Once you receive the title-deed, scrutinize it. To check these documents you can search for the title deed on the registration website of the state government and don’t forget to consult your lawyer to be sure. 

buying a land
documents to be verified before buying a land

The next document you need to verify is EC. Check EC for min 12 years if possible 30 years,(20 of them would be computerized and remaining years would be non-computerized data) must be examined before you proceed any further.

This document can be obtained from the sub-registrar’s office where the title-deed is registered. This document will help you to figure out if the plot or land is free from any legal dispute or unpaid dues and also helps you to know whether the person selling the land is the owner of the plot or not.

EC-tips on select a residential plot

If he/she is not the proper owner of the land, then check whether the person who is going to sign on the purchase agreement has power of attorney. In many cases, a person who has the power of attorney employs some other person to sell the property and sign on the purchase agreement documents. Note that this is not legal and shouldn’t be allowed. A person with either the EC in his/her name or a person with power of attorney only can sign on the purchase agreement. 

For free online encumbrance check in tamilnadu check this link

Make sure you check the previous tax receipts like a vacant land tax of the property. Ask for the originals again to make sure all the payments are paid properly so that there won’t be any legal complications or any surprise expenses after you buy the land.

buying a land
documents to be verified before buying a land

This certification needs to be checked if you are buying a property that’s been up for resale. This certificate will be issued by the bank indicating that the loans if any on the property have been paid.

Make sure that the local authorities have given the all-clear on the plot of land you are going to buy.

If the owner of the land is an NRI, then make sure you get the Power of Attorney (POA) from the seller.

buying a land
documents to be verified before buying a land

Patta has details about the property size, history of property ownership, dimensions etc and it should be in the owner’s name.

Patta:tips on choosing the residential plot

Patta

Chitta:Guidance and tips to buy a residential plot

Chitta

Make sure you verify this Patta of the land. Also, check the Chitta and FMB sketch(Field Measurement Book) also.

FMB sketch:Guidance and tips to buy a residential plot

NA(Non-agricultural) order:

Last but not the least you must check the NA(Non-agricultural land) order.By default, all the land in India is agriculture land unless it is designated for some other purpose by the government? Yes, you heard it right. Interesting isn’t it?

Before constructing any type of building (Residential or Commercial or Warehouses or Industrial) one has to first convert the land to non-agricultural land (NA).

There are various types of NA: Those are

  • NA – Residential 
  • NA – Commercial
  • NA – Warehouses
  • NA – Resort
  • NA – IT/ITeS

Just because the land has NA doesn’t mean you can start building up, check if it is of the residential scheme. You cannot build the residential home in a commercial or a warehouse or a resort scheme. Only residential building can be built on residential NA and same for the others NA’s too.

So make sure you ask for a copy of NA – Residential order issued by the Town Planning Authority from the seller before proceeding. There is a thing called NA approved plots by the collector, never believe such misleading things.

documents to be verified before buying a land

One should verify the identity of the seller similar to verifying the deed title of the property. If the land/plot is sold by an agent make sure you double-check the owner’s info. Ask for the owner’s details and identity(Aadhar card for instance). The buyer should make sure that the seller has all the rights to sell the property.

To verify the identity of the seller check the below documents mentioned below:

  1. Residential proof and nationality of the seller.
  2. In case the land/plot is held jointly, identify all the owners.
  3. Whoever the seller is(company or partnership firm or an individual or a group of individuals)make sure the person executing and registering the sale deed is duly authorized.
  4. If the property is held by a minor or person of unsound mind or an NRI make sure you get the Power of Attorney (POA) from the seller.

 

documents to be verified before buying a land

After check the tiresome paperwork’s it is time for some ground realities. Here are a few things that you have to check before buying the land or property.

You must undertake a survey (get help from surveyor) and confirm the extent and dimensions of the plot. After buying it is advisable to find the extent of the land and set the boundaries after buying, this will help you prevent unauthorized person enjoying the property.

Guidance and tips to buy a residential plot:land measuring

documents to be verified before buying a land

For each and every locality this may vary. For instance,if we take Chennai within the Chennai limits each locality will have different FSI value.

If the land area is 1000 sq.ft and the buildup area that can be constructed in this land would be maximum 2000 sq.ft taking into account of maximum FSI i.e. 2 in Chennai. In certain areas the FSI can be 1.5 or 1.75 also. Make sure you buy a land with a good FSI value so that you can get maximum benefit from it.

Check if drainage connection is available in that locality. If not you have construct septic tank or water recycling tank which will an additional cost during the construction process.

documents to be verified before buying a land

Make sure you check if the electrical lines are already present or it has to be done newly, suppose if an electrical pole is 100 feet away from your land, for giving a new connection you have to pay some amount to the Tamilnadu electricity board to add an electricity pole near your plot and get electricity connection for your plot which will be an additional cost for you after buying the land.

documents to be verified before buying a land

Check if the land is located in a newly developed area if this is the case roads will be developed in the future. So keep in mind that the foundation height has to be increased while constructing the house.

Also,check the land level from the road level, if it is below road level we need to increase the land height and also foundation height, which will be an additional cost.

Also if it’s a newly developed plot by a developer/builder if the soil is filled to raise the height of the plot. If that’s the case you may have to lay a pile foundation for your construction.

Ex: In some places, the natural ground level will be 5 or 6 feet below road level and the developer would have filled soil to raise the height of the plot. For  normal house construction, we will have a foundation depth of 6-8 feet below the natural ground level.  In this case, natural ground level itself is below 5-6 feet and we have to go 6-8 feet from that. So the total foundation depth will be around 12-15 feet, where pile foundation is the only solution.

We cannot lay the foundation in artificially filled soil as it will be very loose and not strong enough to hold a foundation. There will be too much soil settlement once the construction is completed to the building weight.

documents to be verified before buying a land

Check the type of soil before making any decisions. It shouldn’t be clayey soil, if it rains water won’t be absorbed easily so mosquitoes breeding occurs, also bearing capacity will be less compared to other soil types. This, in turn, escalates the foundation cost.

If the soil bearing capacity is low, pile foundation has to be laid which will cost you more than normal foundation.

Before finalizing the land get a water diviner and check the water level in the plot, it will hardly cost Rs.2000 for checking it scientifically we are going to invest lakhs of amount in purchasing a land, it’s better to spend a small amount like this to ensure the water availability.

Also, make sure you ask about the water quality in the neighbourhoods if possible get a sample and test it. If it is hard water it will spoil your appliances like Motor, washing machine. Also if hard water is used for construction purpose quality issues arises so it’s better to test it beforehand and do some preventive measures like treating making it good for construction and other purposes. We can test the quality of water using low cost portable devices like these

Even after construction, you have to either desalinate or buy water in lorries and fill the sump regularly if the water is not available or it’s not of good quality. Even if you are ready to pay for lorry water in summers water will be in high demand, you might not get water. So make sure you check this before finalizing.

 

Check if the plot location and its growth. Do your research. Instead of buying in a fully developed area, which is way too pricey, buy in a locality, which is under development this way you can save some cost.

Also check if the basic amenities like the grocery store, hospitals, ATM, schools, colleges etc. are available in that locality.

Make sure you check the potential growth of the plot before making a decision.

 

  • Sale Deed is the document written by a Government licensed Document writer that needs to be registered in the office of sub-registrar to make the sale happen. Until the sale deed is written, you are not the legal owner.

sale deed:tips on buying a residential plot

  • Get the receipt from payment of stamp duty charges once you have added registered the land in your name.
  • Next is to get the house plan approval, if you buy a plot that is approved one you can skip this step otherwise you have to get planning permission from the government. This is a time-consuming process; you can get a professional to help you with this. I strongly recommend you to check this article to know more about how to get planning permission from the government.

Top 9 house construction tips

house construction tips
house construction tips

Top 9 house construction tips | Read this blog before starting your house construction

Building your home from the ground up allows you to tailor your home to suit your tastes and needs. But it can be a tricky, stressful and time-consuming process. Don’t worry, we are here to help you, here are 9 tips from experts that will help you through the pain and stress-free new home construction process.

house construction tips

house construction

TABLE OF CONTENTS

house construction tips

house construction

The following blog will be providing answers to the above mentioned questions in detail. You can also directly skip to a particular question by clicking on it, however we recommend you to read the entire blog to have a full idea about house construction and how to prevent it from having any time or cost overruns.

1. Finding the right construction plot for you

While choosing a plot once should keep in mind the plot should be located in such a location that there will be potential developments in the future so that you can save some money.

Check the road width of the plot before choosing.  Also the selected plot should not be lower than the level of the road, since this increases the construction cost later on.

plot

Also, when you are looking for a plot, you should focus on buying land that already has planning permission.

Some plots are sold without planning permission. These plots without planning permission can be often tempting because they go for a lot less money than plots with planning permission.

Getting planning permission can be a really stressful and time-consuming job. So it is better to buy plot with planning permission.

house construction tips

house construction

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house designs

2. Coming up with design ideas

Now that you have chosen the plot and brought it. It’s time to come up with some design ideas for your house. Think and discuss with your family about your requirements and note it down. How many bedrooms do you want?

Are you going to build one floor or duplex or multi-storey, so that you can live in one house and remaining houses can be rented out? This all depends on your budget and your needs.

Once you know your requirements check out Pinterest for design ideas according to your needs and requirements.

There are tonnes of ideas available on the internet today and pick a few of your liking. Create a Pinterest board for each room of your house. What will the layout of each room be? In what size you want each room to be etc.,

This not only helps you with a plan but also it is a great point of reference to show your builder or architect.

house construction tips
house construction

3. Designing your house

Once you know all your requirements and you have the plan ideas, you can ask the builder or the architect to design.

Communicate your requirements clearly to them. Make sure you go through this design process before starting the construction. This will avoid costly mistakes in future.

For instance: In design phase, if you don’t like the elevation or you want to change the size of the room it can be done, but once constructed if you want to do rework it will cost you 10 times more.

house construction tips
house construction

4. House construction budgeting

Call few building contractors and get an idea of how much is the cost per sq.ft and also ask them what are included in the cost per sq.ft and what’s not included and come up with an approximate budget for your house construction.

budget

Calculate the cost of the items that are excluded from this cost and add up to the budget.

For example, if the building contractor says sump, septic tank and compound wall would be charged extra. Come up with the litres of the sump you would need and calculate it’s cost and add to the total budget.

house construction tips
house construction

5. Make room for an additional cost in the budget

Always add 10-15% extra to this cost for unforeseen circumstances.

Here are a few examples, which can add up the cost:

  1. You might want to upgrade the bathroom fittings or electrical or plumbing material to match your expectations.
  2. You might think of opting for solar panels. These things will definitely cost you extra.
  3. Building plan approval cost: If your land is unapproved you have to get approval from the government. Check here to know more about building approval.
  4. Altering the land before construction can start: If the land you have purchased is below the road level. The Soil has to be filled before starting the construction process or If there is a lot of trees, haul in dirt, grade or remove large rocks, that has to be cleaned expenses will increase.

Research on all these additional costs and decide if you can afford the cost of the construction all by yourself or you have to take a loan for construction. If you have to get a loan from the bank.

Check with the bank for a housing loan before proceeding further. The bank loan will be provided depending on the cibil score.

Recently most of the banks provide loan for both land and construction. Enquire it before taking any step ahead.

house construction tips
house construction

6. Hiring a building contractor

  • If you are someone who has prior knowledge in building construction and if you have time to manage the construction project you wouldn’t need the expertise of a building contractor.

    But if you are someone who doesn’t have time and expertise to manage the construction project we would recommend you to find a building contractor to do the work for you.

    Here are some of the interview questions that will help you find the right building contractor:

    1. Ask how much does he charges per sq.ft
    2. Ask about the material specifications for the cost mentioned and also know about what is included in the cost and what is excluded.
    3. Ask him if you can customize the materials used for construction and if so what would be the additional charges for that.
    4. Know who is going to supervise the work and at what frequency he will be visiting the site.
    5. Ask him how do they keep up the quality of work.
    6. Know their construction process right from the planning phase.
    7. Ask him about his previous projects and experiences. Visit their previous projects and check the construction quality.
    8. Ask him if they have an in-house architect team and if yes check their sample design works.

    I strongly suggest you read this page to know more information on hiring a building contractor

house construction tips

house construction

agreement

7. Construction agreement

  1. Make sure to have a construction agreement written between you and the building contractor. Ask him to mention each and every detail clearly and go through the entire document a few times before signing up.

  2. Make sure it includes a detailed plan, warranty, insurance information, detailed costing, payment stages and schedule, material specifications.

house construction tips

house construction

8. Anticipate the Delays

  1. Ask your building contractor about the project delays before signing up the agreement.

  2. Delays may occur due to material unavailability, labour unavailability or any natural calamities.

house construction tips
house construction

9. Make sure there’s labour risk insurance

Make sure the building contractor you choose, offer insurance for the labours working at the construction site.

For instant: If a labour falls off from a ladder while working in the construction site and breaks his hips or legs. If the builder has insurance it will be covered up otherwise you will be liable to pay the whole amount or at least 50% of the hospital expenses. So make sure the building contractor provides insurance to the labours working. Moreover, it will only cost 5000 or 6000 for a project.

Read more about the insurance here

10. Conclusion

We hope these tips will help you with the construction process. Choosing the right team of experts, and having a clear vision and money in your pocket, will help make the house construction much easier.

Terrace gardening 2020 – Advantages, disadvantages and cost?

terrace gardening
terrace gardening

Terrace gardening | Why do we need it? How much will it cost? What are the advantages & disadvantages?

disadvantages of terrace gardening

Terrace / roof gardening is a booming concept in all metropolitan cities across the country. In this blog, we are going to detailly explain why do we need a terrace garden? Is it complicated to set it up? How much is it going to cost? What are its advantages and disadvantages?

disadvantages of terrace gardening

TABLE OF CONTENTS

disadvantages of terrace gardening

The following blog will be providing answers to the above mentioned questions in detail. You can also directly skip to a particular question by clicking on it, however we recommend you to read the entire blog to have in depth knowledge about the terrace gardening

1. What is terrace / roof gardening?

disadvantages of terrace gardening

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

Setting up a garden in a building’s roof or terrace instead of the ground is known as terrace gardening. It can be either functional with plants that grow vegetables and fruits or for decorative purposes with plants that look attractive and grow flowers. It has become very famous in metropolitan cities as there is not enough space in the ground to set up a garden.

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disadvantages of terrace gardening

benefits of terrace gardening

2. Why do we need terrace / roof gardening?

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

” To save our lives and money”

Price of 1 kg tomato was around Rs.5 before 15-20 years. Now its Rs.50/kg. In the next 10 years, it will go up to Rs.500/kg. In that case, an average family of 4 will be spending Rs.50,000/month just for buying vegetables. We can set up a terrace gardening for as low as Rs.5000 today. Not just saving money but there are various other benefits in having our terrace garden

  • You get fresh and pesticide-free vegetables/fruits
  • Keeps the building cooler
  • Helps in harvesting rainwater
  • Keeps us close to nature
  • Spending 15-20 mins in the terrace garden can help reduce your stress levels
  • Helps in reducing pollution
  • You can grow medicinal plants and herbs too
  • Makes the house look visually appealing

Do you remember people standing in long queues to buy vegetable during corona lockdown and paying a premium price for vegetables? You can avoid that to an extent with terrace gardening.

Know more about benefits of terrace gardening here.

disadvantages of terrace gardening

3. How to set it up and maintain it?

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

The first step in setting up a terrace garden is to finalise the layout.
How much space do you have?
How many plants do you require?
What kind of plants?
How are you going to place it?

Preparing a layout by yourselves answers all these questions. Once the layout is prepared you will have crossed halfway in setting up the garden. Based on the layout you can approach a terrace gardening expert you may find online (you get a ton of terrace garden dealers through google search). You can talk with them, check out their previous work, talk with their existing customers to verify their work. You can also seek expert advice to the dealers, some of them does this work out of sheer passion rather than doing it just for money. You may identify people like them just by talking with them. Finally, you can set up the garden using expert help. Some of the contractors like cityrene builders provide terrace gardening as complimentary to their customers while building homes with them. You can find them at hire and build.

disadvantages of terrace gardening

4. What kind of plants, vegetables or fruits can we grow in Chennai?

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

Vegetables Herbs Fruits Flowers
Beans
Coriander
Strawberry
Petunia
Capsicum
Ginger
Blueberry
Begonia
Chilli
Fenugreek
Fig
Geranium
Beetroot
Garlic
Pineapple
Rose
Pepper
Turmeric
Cantaloupe
Dianthus
Bittermelon
Parsley
Gooseberry
Fuchsia
Carrot
Mint
Banana
Zinnia
Cucumber
Basil
Tomato
Chrysanthemum
Bottle gourd
Saffron
Passion fruit
Impatiens
Egg Plant
Curry Leaves
Watermelon
Lobelia
Okra
Holy Basil
Currant
Onion
Carom
Peas
Dill
Potato
Thyme
Radish
Lemon Grass
Spinach
Indian Sorrel
Lettuce
Zucchini
terrace gardening cost in chennai

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

Approximately it might cost Rs.100-150/sft. But it depends on various other factors too which are listed below

  1. The type of plants you are going to grow
  2. The type of containers you are choosing to grow your plants i.e. grow bags, pots, plastic cans etc.
  3. The type of watering system you are going to use, is it going to be manual or automated
  4. Type of surface, if the building is new the terrace would be in good condition it doesn’t need to be waterproofed if it’s an old building it needs to be waterproofed.

5. What will be terrace gardening cost in Chennai?

6. Disadvantages of terrace gardening

  • There are very little disadvantages in terrace gardening when compared with the advantages however there are some challenges in setting up a terrace garden. Some of them are listed below

    1. The terrace has to be properly waterproofed before setting up the terrace garden or else there may be leaks in the roof
    2. If there is no proper slope provided in the terrace the water may be stagnant in between the plants during rains
    3. The wind speed will be high in the terrace when compared with the ground level, hence proper protection must be given to the plants to prevent it from getting damaged.
    4. Frequent maintenance and cleaning might be required as there will be shedding of dry leaves.
    5. There are high chances of pests and insects to be present in the terrace garden which might require frequent attention

You could get more detailed information about terrace / roof gardening in this post

Waste water recycling for your home-2020|Cost effective method

water recycling
water recycling

Waste water recycling for your home-2020|Cost effective method

In this blog we are going to see in detail about the waste water recycling, its uses, advantages, disadvantages and the cost involved in it. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The following blog will be providing answers to the above mentioned questions in detail. You can also directly skip to a particular question by clicking on it, however we recommend you to read the entire blog to have in depth knowledge about the waste water recycling

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1. What is waste water recycling?

Everyday 100’s of litres of water used by a family for household usage i.e washing, cooking, bathing, bathroom usage etc. In commercial factories or apartments this usage can go upto multiple times when compared with a regular household usage. This water becomes unclean after usage and it’s sent out of the house as waste water. The process cleaning the waste water and making it fit for direct or indirect usage is known as waste water recycling.

2. What are the types of waste water?

There are two types of waste water that we take into consideration for water recycling

Grey water: 

Grey water is the used water from all the household or commercial usage without the faecal matter or faecal contamination. i.e. Used water from shower, kitchen sink, wash basin, washing machine and used for other purposes except toilet flush tanks. Grey water contributes to 90% of the waste water from a house. It’s easy to treat this unless harsh chemicals like cleaning acids are used.

Black water: 

Black water is the waste water from toilets, primarily from flush tanks. Water contaminated with faecal matter is known as the black water. It is harder to recycle this water when compared with grey water as black water contains more pathogens, germs and bacteria

3. What are the current techniques we are using to handle the waste water?

There are various techniques used to handle waste water across multiple locations. We are going to explain some of the popular methods used in Chennai, their advantages and disadvantages.

Water recycling septic tank

RCC Septic Tank:

It is used in places where there is no central drainage connection. This method involves collection of all the waste water in a house or building i.e. grey and black water inside a concrete tank where the sludge and waste water is allowed to settle down using gravity. The water accumulated will slowly percolate into ground and only the sludge will remain

Advantages of RCC Septic Tank

  • There is chamber to separate sludge from the water hence making it easier to clean

Disadvantages of RCC Septic Tank

  • Has to be cleaned with trucks often. 
  • Since the waste water & sludge is stored underground, after a few months or years the sludge will get deposited on the ground pores and the percolation of water will become less. Due to this, the waste water will become stagnant, once the tank becomes full it will start flowing out.
  • Even though sludge and water are separated in separate chambers the bacteria and pathogens from them will penetrate into the ground and contaminate the existing ground water.
  • Expensive when compared with the other existing methods which are mentioned below.
Water recycling septic tank rings

Septic Tank Rings:

It is also used in places where there is no central drainage connection. It’s very similar to RCC septic tank except the water is collected inside a ring without a separation chamber

Advantages of septic Tank Rings

  • The most cheapest method and takes less amount of time to install.

Disadvantages of septic Tank Rings

  • Same disadvantages as RCC septic tank except the cost.
  • The surface area of this method is very less when compared with RCC septic tank,  so the chances of sludge getting deposited in the ground and decreasing the percolation capacity will be much higher.
  • Not easy to clean since there is no separation chamber

Drainage system:

This is a central drainage system either provided by government or developed inside a community. The entire wastewater would be collected and either dumped in rivers, seas or cleaned using cleaning trucks.

Advantages of drainage system

  • The house owner doesn’t have to maintain it or clean it unless there is a blockage

Disadvantages of drainage system:

  • It’s available only in prime locations of a city or inside a gated community.
  • If there is a blockage its not easy to find and rectify.

In all the current techniques of handling wastewater there is one common problem "Zero water savings"

4. What are the technologies used for waste water recycling?

Once again there are multiple technologies used for waste water recycling across the world. We are going to explain some of the most commonly used water recycling technologies

sewage treatment plant

Sewage treatment plant (STP):

STP’s are commonly used in large apartments where the number of residents are more than 100. It involves the process of collecting all the waste water and separating the sludge from them using filters and treating the water with chemical or electrical process. There are different kinds of STP’s based on the purpose and budget.

Advantages of STP:

  • Recycles the water so that it can be reused.
  • It reduces the amount of waste generated by us and contributes to the environment

Disadvantages of STP:

  • It is very expensive
  • High maintenance cost
  • Requires a skilled person to maintain it
  • Requires chemicals and electricity to operate. High operational cost too.
cement recycling tank

Bio cleanser septic tank:

These kinds of septic tanks use bacteria to recycle the waste water. There are different varieties in this type of recycling tank. Some of these tanks can recycle both grey water and black water, some of them can only recycle black water as it needs organic material to feed the bacteria which helps in recycling the waste water. The bacteria which is present inside the septic tank will eat the sludge and remove some pathogens and bacterias from the waste water. Harmful chemicals and cleaning acids should not be used as it will kill the live bacteria inside the tank. It has one large tank to collect the waste water and treat it with live bacteria, the treated water is sent to various small tanks which will percolate the treated water into the ground.

Advantages of bio cleanser septic tank:

  • Recycles the water without electricity or chemicals
  • It uses gravity for the flow of water and bacteria to recycle the waste water. Hence very less operating and maintaining cost
  • No maintenance person required
  • Cost effective when compared with STP’s or conventional septic tanks

Disadvantages of bio cleanser septic tank:

  • The treated water cannot be reused directly
  • Recycled water is not fit for skin touch i.e it cannot be touched directly as it might create some allergies
  • Since it has more number of smaller tanks it requires more space and cannot be used in smaller plots inside city limits
  • It cannot be place under car parking without a reinforced concrete flooring as the load of car might break the recycling tanks
bio septic tank

Biofilm septic tank:

This type of septic tank uses aerated filters and aqua septic bio film inside it to recycle the waste water. It relies on microbes to use oxygen and grow inside plastic intermediaries present inside, the microbes form like a mucus inside by feeding off the waste inside the tank and cleans the impurities. These type of tanks can recycle both black and grey water. Harmful chemicals and cleaning acids should not be used as it might damage the filter inside.

Advantages of biofilm septic tank:

  • It has all the advantages similar to bio cleanser septic tank, it occupies much lesser space all other waste water recycling systems.
  • It can be used in small plots inside city limits

Disadvantages of biofilm septic tank:

  • The treated water cannot be reused directly
  • Recycled water is not fit for skin touch i.e it cannot be touched directly as it might create some allergies

5. What is the cost of waste water recycling?

Based on the method of waste water recycling and its capacity the cost may vary. But in residential segment for a family of 4 an average of 10,000 litres capacity – conventional septic tank would cost approximately Rs.1,60,000 – Rs.1,80,000.

Wastewater recycling tanks like biocleanser or biofilm septic tanks would typically cost around Rs.1,25,000 to 1,65,000 depending on the capacity and installation type. This cost includes the cost of water recycling tank and installing it under car parking along with RCC slab. If it’s installed in a open plot where there is no car parking or any other floor area on top of it, the cost will be lesser since it does not require RCC slab.

Sewage treatment plant (STP) can range between Rs.5 lakhs – 12 lakhs for apartments with less than 200 people.

greywater reuse

6. What are the advantages of waste water recycling?

  • Reduces the wastage of water 
  • Prevents the depletion of underground water table and saves water.
  • Grey water can be directly used for gardening purposes like how its shown in the image above. It helps in gardening

Some real life scenarios which can be avoided by waste water recycling

  • We drill a borewell upto 100 feet now, after 5 years time the borewell runs out of water and we will have to have dig another deeper well. This happens because we take the water out of borewell but do not give back. Rain water is also not properly harvested which all contributes in depletion of underground table
  • Cost of water purchased in trucks can go upto 3 times in summer season, most of the time we don’t get water trucks too. There is huge demand for it during summer season. We need not depend on water trucks if only we had recycled the waste water from our house
  • The need for water or the cost of it is not going to get reduced but will increase multiple folds in the future. If we don’t recycle the water we will have to pay a fortune for water in the future

" Our parents generation would have never thought buying drinking water in cans will be the only option for us. Likewise we don't see the fact that our children and grandchildren will be having no water to use"

7. What are the disadvantages of waste water recycling?

  • For people who already have a central drainage system this might be an additional cost 
  • It has to be carefully handled, throwing solid objects or harsh chemicals, acids might damage the recycling tank
  • Since its buried underground the chances of repairing it is very less and will be costly.
  • If not properly installed the chances of it getting damaged is high. It’s better to choose skilled people who does best quality work

8. Waste water volume calculation

This table indicates an average value of water usage for family with 4 people in India. The values in this table are arrived based on the data collected by talking with some of our customers and our own household usage

Wastewater type Wastewater source L/Family/Day
Blackwater
Toilet Flush
280
Greywater
Shower & other bathroom use
400
Washbasin
60
Kitchen
200
Total
940 litres/day

On an average day a family of 4 uses close to 1000 litres of water per day for domestic purpose. You can also calculate your usage based on your overhead tank capacity and how long does it last if filled one time.

9. Can we reuse the recycled water?

The most cost efficient and easiest way to reuse the recycled water is to use grey water for gardening purposes and to recharge the ground water.

There is a common expectation that if we can reuse the recycled water in flush tanks to be used in toilets. To do that we will have to install additional underground tank and also an additional overhead tank and a pump so that the recycled water can be pumped into the overhead tank and supplied to flush tanks. So just to reused the recycled water we will have to buy 2 additional tanks and a water pump which altogether might cost close to Rs.30,000 including installation.

The recycled water will not be transparent in color or free from smell, so the flush tanks, overhead tank and plumbing lines will require frequent cleaning and maintenance. The motor pumping that will also require frequent maintenance. Our toilets may also smell bad and stains may be formed on it because of the water.

10. What is the importance of waste water recycling? Is it worth the cost and effort?

The most important reason to recycle the waste water is to save our own money and future.

An average family spends upto Rs.5000 per month in buying drinking water cans. Our parents would have never imagined that their children will be spending that much money for buying drinking water. Their monthly salary itself might have been only Rs.5000 at that time. Likewise our children may spend Rs.1 lakh per month for buying water for domestic usage. 

How many of us have suffered without water in borewells during summer? 

A 9000 litre truck load of water costs around Rs.5000 in summer compared to Rs.2000 in other seasons supplied by private companies. Source: News 18

Based on that cost we will be spending Rs.15000/month if our borewell ran out of water and we are completely dependent on water trucks and they might not be available too at all times. The water cost keeps rising every year.

"Water will be the most valued commodity in the future - not oil or gold"

How to get building plan approval or planning permission in Chennai?

Planning permission or building plan approval
Planning permission or building plan approval

How to get building plan approval or planning permission from in Chennai?

Planning permission or building plan approval is very important to turn a piece of land into a viable building plot.

In this blog you will understand the process of plan approval from the government for both residential and commercial, it’s importance, the cost involved, timeframe etc.

Planning permission is an important process when you are planning to build a residential home or commercial construction or for adding an extra floor in an existing building.

Planning permission is a key to get a house loan or any construction loan from any bank.

Most of the time getting government approval can be time-consuming and even stressful; it is better to leave it to the professional hands.

Contact Hire and Build to get plan approval from the government for both residential and commercial construction.

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These are the questions which will be answered below:

  1. What is Planning Permission or building plan approval?
  2. How To Get Plan Approval For Residential Building In Chennai?
  3. How Long Does the Planning Permission for Construction Last?
  4. What are the documents that need to be attached to your application?
  5. How Much Does a Planning Permission Application Cost in Chennai?
  6. When do I need Planning Permission or building plan approval?
  7. Why Should I go to a Planning Consultant to Help Secure Planning Permission?
  8. To whom should you file the application for building plan approval?
  9. On what basis Planning Permission will be granted?
  10. Will my site be inspected?
  11. Can I change the design after obtaining the building plan approval or Planning Permission?
  12. Can I Build a House Without Planning Permission?

What is Planning Permission or building plan approval?

Before undertaking any building construction in Chennai you have to get Planning Permission from the CMDA or Municipality Township or Panchayat Union, which is, must under the Town & Country Planning Act. 

Planning permission is the key with which you can turn a piece of agricultural land into a viable building plot.

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How To Get Plan Approval For Residential Building In Chennai?

For getting plan approval from the government you have to submit the filled form to the CMDA office or Municipality Township or Panchayat Union.

There are two types of forms available. Form “A” is for laying out the lands for building purposes and Form-‘B’ for all the other developments like residential, commercial buildings.

You can get this application form by paying the fees for the form and get from these offices (Chennai City Municipal Corporation or Municipality Township or Panchayat Union).

CMDA office won’t sell these forms, you have to fill these applications directly with the Corporation or local body.

How Long Does the Planning Permission for Construction Last?

The permission you get from the government is valid for 3 years from the date of issue. 

You can renew the planning permission for another 3 years by applying within the validity period.

Avoid buying a plot with planning permission that is about to expire, because you won’t get time to even get started but you would have paid more than for a normal plot in the same place.

What are the documents that need to be attached to your application?

You should submit five copies of plans showing:

  1. A detailed site plan with the floor plan of the proposed structure clearly indicating the dimensions and set back from the property boundaries.
  2. Plan, elevation and sectional details of the building, which is proposed to be constructed.
  3. Key plan, which shows the location of the site. All these plans and the applications should be signed by the applicant and an Architect or a licensed Surveyor.
  4. Clearance from the respective authority (whenever necessary)
  5. Sale deed or Lease deed and Patta to establish your title to the land.

Documents needed for planning permission

How Much Does a Planning Permission Application Cost in Chennai?

 The cost of submitting a planning application varies across Chennai.

The cost of planning permission depends on the land area, construction area of the building and the number of kitchens.

For example, if the land area is 1000 sq.ft and the buildup area in this land would be maximum 2000 sq.ft taking into account of maximum FSI i.e. 2 and for one kitchen the cost would be approximately Rs.50,000- 80,000/-.

This is just an approximate costing. This cost varies across Chennai.

planning permission cost

The real cost for obtaining planning permission can be known only after preparing the plans and documents and submitting to the concerned authority.

Also bear in mind that you also have to pay a licensed surveyor for making the plan to submit along with the application in the approval office.

When do I need Planning Permission or building plan approval?

If you are creating a new dwelling (You are building from scratch or if you are subdividing an existing building) you will need to get planning permission.

Planning permission is also required when you are adding another floor in an existing building.

Smaller additions or home improvements like interior designing or adding modular kitchen won’t require permission from the government.

Why Should I go to a Planning Consultant to Help Secure Planning Permission?

Appointing a planning consultant before buying a plot will save you tones of money on buying a project that turns out not to be feasible.

Building plan approval consultants have full knowledge on this matter so they will advise you to go with the best suitable options available.

Also getting government approval can be time-consuming and even stressful most of the times; it is better to leave it to the professional hands.

Contact Hire and Build to get building plan approvals from the government for both residential and commercial construction.

To whom should you file the application for building plan approval?

In Chennai for special buildings(Ground + 3 floors) and Multi-storeyed building (more than 4 floors), applications should be directly admitted in CMDA.

Other ordinary building plan approvals application can be submitted to Chennai City Municipal Corporation / Municipality / Town Panchayat / Panchayat Union depending upon location.

On what basis Planning Permission will be granted?

Planning permission will be granted based on the Master Plan or the Detailed Development Plan. This plan should compel with the Development Regulations.

Concerned government office will refuse to provide planning permission or building plan approval if it does not satisfy the development regulations.

Building plan approval

Will my site be inspected?

 Yes, your site will be inspected before providing the planning permission by the Building Plan Inspector / TownPlanning Officer of the Local Body /Officers of CMDA.

Can I change the design after obtaining the building plan approval or Planning Permission?

 You can make minor alterations in the Master plan that you have submitted in CMDA.

However, for making major alterations to an approved plan, permission has to be obtained.

A revised plan showing the deviations should be submitted along with the original master plan to get approval. So it’s better to decide before applying for building plan approval.

Can I Build a House Without Planning Permission?

No, you have to get planning permission for building construction. If it is carried out without proper permission can be demolished or kept under lock and seal under the Act.

VASTU TIPS FOR STUDY ROOM-VASTU SHASTRA

study room vastu
study room vastu

Vastu tips for study room

If you have children in your home or anybody in your home pursuing any kind studies, you need to know the Vastu tips for study room. Studying for exams requires hard work and when it comes to studying even we get easily distracted.

A good Vastu designed Study room will help you improve concentration, focus and less likely to get distracted. The study room should be placed in a proper direction so that there won’t be any unpleasant vibrations or energy that affects the concentration and focus.

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Why is study room Vastu so important?

Young children are full of energy most of the time, so the study room should be designed in such a way that it enhances their energy in a positive way. To enhance the energy in a positive way one must need the help of Vastu Shastra.

Vastu Shastra helps you to pick up the right spot for placement of study table, bookshelves, right furniture, lighting and the colours. This will help you kid or anyone who is studying with grasping power, increased retention power and increased concentration.

To know how to make your study room Vastu compliant, read on….. 

How to achieve Vastu complaint study room?

The first step is to find the right direction for study room. Best direction for study room as per Vastu is the west part of your home. If the west part is unavailable due to some reason the second- best direction for study room is northeast corner or eastern side of the house.

vastu tips for study room

Vastu complaint study room how to achieve.Check out this page for Vastu tips for study room. here are few Vastu tips for study room.

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Here are few Vastu tips DO’s and Don’ts for study room:

  • There shouldn’t be any mirror reflections in the study room, this might have the effect of doubling their workload.
  • Make sure the person or your kid who is studying is not sitting study under a beam or loft otherwise he or she feels unnecessary pressure.
  • While studying he/she must face East or North direction.
  • Windows should be provided in the learning area in North or North-east or east wall since the study room will be located in west direction.
  • There can be two windows in the study room, the larger window in the east or north wall and the smaller window in the west wall.
  • Try to place a window in the east as far as possible. Since morning sunlight has a lot of beneficial effects on his/her health.
  • As per Vastu doors of study room must be placed in North-East, North, East or West directions and avoid placing doors in these directions:South-East, North-West and South-West directions/corners of the study room.
  • There should be ample amount of lighting while studying.
  • Sitting in front of a solid wall and facing the other direction signifies support.
  • The study table in the study room should always face North, East or North-East
  • Don’t position the study table facing a blank wall. If this is not possible keep the table few inches away from the wall.
  • A clock(pendulum) should be placed in the north wall side.
  • The centre of the room should be kept empty so that it is easy to walk around and it helps proper flow of cosmic energy.
  • The table lamp should be placed in the South-East corner of the study table and computer in South-East corner of the study room.

 vastu tips for Study room.check out this page for Vastu tips for study room.Vastu tips for study room is in this page. Study room vastu tips can be found in this page. vastu tips for study room

Which is the best cement for house construction? OPC or PPC or PSC.

opc vs ppc vs psc best cement
opc vs ppc vs psc best cement

Best cement for house construction. best cement for house construction in India

Which is the best cement for house construction? OPC or PPC or PSC.

If you have this question in mind, which is the best cement for house construction? You are at the right place, read this blog to know the best cement to use depending on the type of construction work.

There are so many types of cement available in the market and depending on the type of construction work, cement must be chosen.

Mainly 3 types of cement are generally used for house construction.

They are:

  • Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC).
  • Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC).
  • Portland Slag Cement (PSC).

Best cement for house construction. best cement for house construction in India,best cement for house construction in India we are doing best construction. know which is the best cement for house construction in india here

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1.Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC):

There are three grades of OPC available:33 grade,43 grade and 53-grade cement.

Cement grade is based on the compression strength (Mpa) of the concrete that will attain after 28 days of setting. Grade 33 refers to the cement attaining compression strength of 33 Mpa in 28 days of setting. This is same for 43 and 53 grades of cement.

Grade 33 and 43 were used for construction in the past. As per IS standard code Grade 53 grade of cement is recommended for house construction.

53-grade cement can be partially replaced with 20% of fly ash by the weight of cement in the construction site and can be used.

Partial replacement of cement by fly ash not only saves cost but also improves the durability properties of cement due to the pore refinement (achieved by adding fly ash). This also increases workability and increases strength. OPC cement is used for structural elements like beams, columns etc. Since OPC gains strength early it has a higher heat of hydration and due to this, cracks are formed.

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best cement

2.Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC):

PPC cement is generally used for plastering, brick masonry and waterproofing works. PPC has a lower heat of hydration and it is prone to fewer cracks compared to OPC. PPC has lower strength than OPC but PPC provides better workability and finishing than OPC. PPC provides greater resistance to chemicals.

best cement

3.Portland Slag Cement (PSC):

PSC is used for structures built near the sea shore. PSC provides excellent resistance to sulfate and chloride. PSC has excellent corrosion resistance properties, hence it is widely used in coastal regions, sewage disposal, and water treatment plants.

best cement pic

 

Conclusion: Which is the best cement for house construction? OPC or PPC or PSC?

When it comes to choosing the best cement for house construction you should keep these things in mind.

  1. What kind of work is done? OPC is good for structural elements (beams, columns, slabs etc),PPC is very good for plastering and finishing.
  2. After how many days you want to remove the formwork? OPC takes lesser time to set than PPC.
  3. If you are construction near seashore areas, PSC must be chosen over PPC and OPC because of its excellent corrosion resistance properties.

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